Saltwater Fishing Tips For Beginners


Most beginning fishermen prefer to use freshwater rivers, lakes, ponds, and creeks as their training ground. At some point, after perfecting their fishing techniques, most of these anglers will want to shift from freshwater fishing to saltwater fishing. Knowing the saltwater fishing basics can make the transition easier.

The term saltwater fishing is generally used to refer to ocean fishing. When saltwater fishing, anglers can focus on surf fishing, fishing on a boat, or fishing on a pier.

If you feel you are ready to go after the numerous fish species available in the ocean, this article is for you. By offering you the best saltwater fishing tips, we will be making it easier for you to reel in a catch with your saltwater spinning reel.

Saltwater and Fishing Gear

When learning saltwater fishing tips, the first thing that anglers who aren’t very familiar with saltwater fishing basics need to note is the difference between salt and freshwater. Saltwater is capable of accelerating the corrosion process. The rust which results from the corrosion process can quickly weaken your metallic fishing tools, including the reel, fishing rod, and line guides.

You can, however, avoid the corrosion by simply cleaning your reel and rod using freshwater after each saltwater fishing trip. Investing in a silicon-based lubricant, such as the WD-40, and using it on your reel after the cleaning can extend your gear’s life span.

When compared to fishing gear that has been designed for use in freshwater, the saltwater tackle is usually sturdier. However, the saltwater angler has to do his or her part to keep the tackle functional for an extended period of time.

The Basic Tackle

The best saltwater fishing rods and reels can offer the necessary backbone for experienced anglers who focus on offshore fishing. However, if you are new to fishing in saltwater, you can make your job much easier if you start with a medium weight spinning combo.

A spinning reel will make it much easier for you to cast further while avoiding annoying backlashes which are generally common with conventional saltwater fishing gear. A high-quality spinning combo, rated for a 10 – 25 test line, will also have the ability to cater to a wide variety of saltwater fishing, including surf fishing, bay drifting, intertidal estuaries, and pier fishing.

When saltwater fishing, it is essential that you match your fishing gear with the circumstances currently at hand. For example, the gear you will be using when surf fishing onshore and when fishing from the pier may be different.

Fishing Line

If your fishing line is being exposed constantly to both intense sunlight and saltwater, it will suffer more damage when compared to when it is being used in freshwater. For this reason, you should invest in the best fishing lines and change the lines more often.

It important that you stick with high-quality brands, marketed by major manufacturers. It is no fun when you already know all the saltwater fishing tips and saltwater fishing basics but still keep losing fish because your fishing lines keep snapping.

The type of fishing line you select is also essential. The use of braided fishing lines is currently on the rise among saltwater anglers. In the past, the majority of the anglers preferred monofilament lines.

When compared to the monofilament line, the braided lines feature a thinner diameter. This extends the reel line capacity. The braided lines are much more resistant to abrasion and they cast farther than the majority of monofilaments.

The braided lines do have a drawback. For optimum performance, they will require you to use a leader. The ideal type of leader should be made from fluorocarbon. Once it has been submerged, the fluorocarbon leader becomes invisible to the fish.

Saltwater Fishing Hooks

When selecting the hook to use on your next saltwater fishing trip, you must ensure its size matches the size of your bait. If your hook is too huge, it will appear unnatural. This will decrease the chances of the target fish biting. If the hook is too small, the target fish could easily take your bait without getting hooked.

The most commonly used saltwater hooks include the J hook, live bait hook, and the circle hook. Below, we will explain the applications of each hook:

J Hook

This can be either a standard J featuring a smooth shank or a baitholder featuring a couple of barbs on its shank. The J hook is ideal for fishing with strip bait or chunk. The J hook makes it possible for you to hook the bait a couple of times to ensure that it is secure.

Live Bait Hook

The bait features a shorter, smooth shank. It is designed to be pinned under the collar, through the nose, or the live bait anal opening. It allows the baitfish to swim freely in a manner capable of provoking the target saltwater fish.

Circle Hook

Among saltwater anglers, the popularity of the circle hook is currently growing. Unlike the conventional hooks, which could end up deep in the target fish gullet, the circle hook will hook up the corner of the fish mouth. This makes it easier for you to release the fish without too much damage.


The bait you use when saltwater fishing will vary depending on the fish species you are after. One of the saltwater fishing basics you need to understand is that the ideal bait should match the species natural diet.

The bait could be anything from appropriately-sized baitfish, sea worms, squid, shrimp, or clams. Various fish species will be willing to strike strip baits and chunk. These generally feature enticing oils.


If you intend to avoid the natural bait, artificial lures can also help you hook up saltwater fish. Options include:

  • Hard lures. Examples in this category include spoons, poppers, and plugs.
  • Soft lures. These include slugs, grubs, and swimbaits.

If you are not trolling, the submerged artificial lure movement is generally controlled by the retrieve speed and your action on the rod tip. One of the saltwater fishing tips you can use to get the target fish to bite is to combine both the retrieve speed and rod tip action in a way that mimics the natural action of the artificial lure you are using.


The knot you use when connecting the hook and the mainline should be strong. If it is weak, you could end up losing all the big saltwater fish species you are after. A strong knot doesn’t have to be tough to tie. For example, the double Palomar knot which is extremely dependable can be tied quite easily.

Tidal Movement


Tides are an important factor when you are saltwater fishing. The only time the tides may not affect your fishing is when you are fishing in the blue waters, offshore.

To increase your chances of hooking up saltwater fish, you should take advantage of changing tides. Arriving about 60 minutes before the high tide peaks and fishing for about 30 minutes after the peak can help you reel in fish easily.

Additional Saltwater Fishing Gear

Generally, when heading out to the ocean to catch some fish, you should have your fishing gear, a bucket, and a well-stocked tackle box. Additionally, you should carry some items to make the saltwater fishing experience enjoyable and safe.

You should consider bringing your hat, high SPF sunscreen, enough drinking water, a chair, and your best fishing sunglasses. Bring food if you will be out fishing all day.

Getting Started with Saltwater Fishing

To put the saltwater fishing tips and saltwater fishing basics to practice, you should visit the public fishing pier. The majority of the fishing piers do offer free access. Some piers do allow fishermen to fish either close to the shore or close to the end where they can find bigger fish species.

Globo Surf Overview

When getting started with saltwater fishing, the key thing you need to do is invest in fishing gear that can handle the harsh environment. To make sure that the gear lasts for a long time, wash it using freshwater after each fishing expedition.

Figuring out the fish species you will be going after can help you choose the right bait. For the saltwater fish to take the bait, your bait has to appear as natural as possible.

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My name is David Hamburg. I am an avid water sports fan who enjoys paddle boarding, surfing, scuba diving, and kite surfing. Anything with a board or chance I can get in the water I love! I am such a big fan I decided to start this website to review all my favorite products and some others. Hope you enjoy!