Half Dome Hike: How To Prepare For Hiking Half Dome


The Half Dome is one of Yosemite’s most popular attractions. It is also one of the most challenging and nerve-wracking hiking trails in the United States. Based on conservative estimates, the hike takes about 17 miles to complete, which can take you up to 14 hours. It has an elevation of 8,842 feet. From physical training to equipping yourself with the right gears, hiking Half Dome requires a great deal of preparation.

The most challenging part of the hike is the cable ascent. Two metal cables form improvised stairs, which will help hikers get to the top of the 400-feet summit. You won’t be wearing any climbing equipment, which makes the experience more thrilling. Injuries are common, so you need to prepare for the physical demands of this activity.

Are you preparing for a Half Dome hike? Keep on reading and we’ll let you know the best things to do to get ready for a once-in-a-lifetime adventure.

Be Physically Fit

Training for a hike is one of the most important, making sure that your body will handle the physical requirements of the activity. It is strenuous and will require physical strength. Regular exercise is important to stay fit and healthy.

A regular workout is important not only for the walk but to also make sure that you will successfully reach the summit through the cables. Pull-ups, for instance, allows you to strengthen your upper body so that you can effortlessly pull your lower body. Weighted lunges will also be crucial, especially for increasing your muscular endurance. Cardio training is also a must since the hike will take up to 17 miles.

Know Your Route

Before hiking Half Dome, research the route that you will take. Being familiar with the trail will make the experience less terrifying. This is because you will already know what you can expect and you can also prepare psychologically.

Most people who hike the Half Dome finish it within 10 to 14 hours depending on the chosen route and physical abilities. The most popular is the Mist Trail. This will take you directly to the top of Nevada Falls. This is the most scenic part of the hike. As the starting point of the hike, you should be here before sunrise to avoid the crowd. The trail is mostly paved asphalt.

The Mist Trail will also take you to Vernal Fall where you will find a drinking fountain. This is your last opportunity to have a potable drinking water source, so make sure to refill your hydration packs.

After the Nevada Fall, the ascent to the peak of Half Dome will take about 4.4. miles and you will be climbing approximately 2,800 feet, including the dangerous but exciting cable climb.

Another route that you can take is the Panorama Trail, which starts at Glacier Point. Another alternative is the Muir Trail, which is unpopular because of the lack of scenic views. It is also less steep, making it not as physically challenging. Tenaya Lake is another option to consider if you are looking for another route. This is best for those looking for a backpacking route. Make sure to bring a backpacking tent since this can take up to 23 miles!

Secure a Permit

Part of Half Dome hike preparations is securing a permit. This is required only if you plan to climb the cables to the summit. There are rangers stationed just before the start of the climb who will check your permit, so make sure that you have it with you.

Securing a permit for hiking Half Dome is not easy, so you need to get one in advance, especially if you plan to go during peak season. The permits are granted via a lottery. There are only 225 permits awarded during the lottery. There are also about 50 or more tickets that are awarded randomly two days in advance. To join the lottery, you have to pay $10. Once you win the lottery, you will have to pay an additional $10.

Gear Up


As you prepare for hiking Half Dome, you need to invest in the must-have hiking and backpacking gears, including those we’ll briefly talk about below. Make sure to include these items in your hiking checklist.

  • Shoes: Take the best hiking shoes or hiking boots that you have, especially the pair with the strongest grip. Your footwear needs to have reliable traction to avoid slipping, especially when you are climbing the cables. Also, because the hike will take several hours, it should be breathable and fit right for your highest level of comfort.
  • Gloves: Hiking gloves will not only keep your hands warm but will also improve your grip as you climb the cables. This will also prevent you from getting blisters. It gives your hands more friction to hold into the cables.
  • Hiking Poles: Use trekking poles as you walk through the 17-mile route. As noted earlier, the hike can take up to 14 hours. The poles will give your body the support it needs and will be especially helpful during the ascent, preventing you from losing balance.
  • Jackets: Rain jackets are also important because the weather can be unpredictable. You won’t want to end up soaked during the hike as this can be uncomfortable.
  • Harnesses and Clips: These will give you peace of mind. In case your foot slips, this minimizes the chances that you will fall and die or suffer from a serious injury. Make sure that you know how to use these tools properly to maximize their benefits.
  • Pants: If you are thinking of wearing jeans or casual pants, hold such a thought. We recommend that you use high-quality hiking pants. They are made using thin and flexible materials, making them easier to move.
  • Sunblock: The heat can be intense during your hike, especially in the middle of the day. Make sure that you pack a sunblock as well for protection from the harsh rays of the sun.
  • Hat: Speaking of the intense heat of the sun, another good way to protect yourself during the Half Dome hike is by wearing a hiking hat.
  • Camera: All good things in life deserve to be documented. Not everyone has the chance to complete a Half Dome hike, so make sure that you take a lot of photos to show to your family and friends. This hike is an accomplishment that is worth bragging about. After all, not a lot of people have the chance to do it.

Fuel Up

It is not enough that you gear up for the Half Dome hike. You also need to fuel up. Fill your hiking backpacks with the essentials to make sure that you do not go hungry. A hydration bladder is also a must-have, especially because there is no more source of drinking water available once you pass through the Vernal Fall.

If you get hungry during the hike, you will become irritable and will not have the energy to go through. Do not just bring enough food. Rather, bring the right foods. Bring foods that will help replenish the energy that you will lose from the physical activity. It is also important that you keep your food sealed in your bag to avoid attracting wildlife, especially animals with a strong sense of smell. Remember, you are in Yosemite, so it is not surprising if there are bears.

Stay Safe and Sound

Your safety is a primary consideration during your Half Dome hike. A good starting point is to have an honest assessment of your skills and capabilities as a hiker. If you know that you can’t handle the physical requirements, do not consider the idea of hiking Half Dome. Work on your health and fitness first so that you can adequately prepare for it.

Before you start with the hike, do your research, especially about the weather. Going up the cables is not allowed when it is raining. The terrain conditions can also be rough, making the hike more challenging. Plus, you will get cold and uncomfortable.

Read the rules and regulations. Make sure that you follow them religiously. Act responsibly during the hike. Keep an eye on your companions.

Globo Surf Overview

Hiking Half Dome is a thrill that many of us may not get to experience. Aside from the fact that it is a strenuous activity, climbing the rope requires permits that are awarded via a lottery. If you ever plan a Half Dome hike, take note of our suggestions above. From being physically fit to handle the demands of the hike to investing in the must-haves, keep in mind these tips for an epic hike.

More Backpacking/Hiking Reviews:


  1. 10 Tips for Hiking Half Dome, TourismOnTheEdge.com
  2. An Amateur’s Guide to Hiking the Half Dome, ShaleeWanders.com
Globo Surf
My name is David Hamburg. I am an avid water sports fan who enjoys paddle boarding, surfing, scuba diving, and kite surfing. Anything with a board or chance I can get in the water I love! I am such a big fan I decided to start this website to review all my favorite products and some others. Hope you enjoy!