Fishing For Beginners: The Ultimate Beginners Guide


We all have that one friend who loves to tell the stories from his or her fishing trip. And, whether we want it or not, most of the time we start to envy him. That incredible calmness suddenly interrupted by the fierce fight between a man and a fish sounds amazing in theory. But, as you scratch under the surface and start to think about it more and more, you realize that you don’t know anything about fishing.

If you’re a beginner, or simply would like to remind about some of the fishing rules, this article will help you and we’ll do our best to motivate you enough to step forward and head to the adventure that is waiting for you. We think it’s worth the effort. It is up to you to try, experience it, and once you arrive back at your home, to decide if it was good enough for you.

Learning To Fish – Beginners’ Tips

Some of these tips you’ll practice at home, some of them require you to be on the water, but all in all, once you learn the basics, you’ll feel like a professional.

1. Casting – The Essential Part Of Fishing

The accurate casting of a spinning rod means the difference between catching a good fish and loosing your lures. Most of the time bait will require to be put somewhere near the “lost” zone, and this simple mistake could cost you your catch.

If you use plastic baits (worms, Senkos, or craws), avoid jerking. Many fresh fishermen don’t know the difference between a bite and a snag, which could cause your bait to move from the strike zone. To learn if the bite is real, hold the rod steady and apply little tension. If you feel the pulsation, it is time to jerk. Using plastics means the bass should hold on to the bait long enough for you to make sure is it a fish or a snag.

2. Don’t Overspend On The Lures

If you opt-out to buy expensive lures or rigs, you could and unnecessary pressure on your fishing trip, because you’ll spend more time worrying about the possibility of losing your lures than to fish properly. Being afraid of losing the lures most often than not means you’ll do your best to avoid any risk or kind of danger, so you’ll skip the places where the fish are stationed and where they should work best. If you have a dilemma, go for the cheaper ones and let the risk take over. It will payout, as you’ll be more relaxed and chose to fish in the right places, instead of those where you know your lures will stay safe.

3. Stay Confident At All Times

No matter what you do, the confidence could make the lost situation winnable. When it comes to fishing, always be as confident as possible in your choice of lures and bait your throwing. It is the key ingredient, needed for successful fishing on a new bait. Think positive, and it will come back to you in a big catch rather sooner than later, or even worse, never.

4. Learn What Lures You Use

If you got a new lure, be sure it will take some time to get to know how it works, and become confident enough in it. Once you choose your lure, stick to it until you master it. This way you’ll learn how it works and catching the fish with it will become easier.

5. Kayak Is A Good Thing To Have

As a beginner, you probably don’t have a boat available. Think about getting a kayak. They are not expensive, light enough for you to carry and it is not a problem to transport them. They will get you to the places where you could not reach by your feet or even by boat, and there could be lots of big and un-pressured fish!

6. Always Be Prepared For Anything

One of the key factors that make fishing so popular activity is the fact that you never know what will the fish do. They could be affected by the weather, water temperature, time of year, stressed out by something, etc. Also, the weather could suddenly change, or you could run into some wild animal who came to eat. Always be prepared, as you don’t know what could happen. The more you are, the bigger your chances of having a great and fruitful adventure will be.

7. Constant Battle – Salt Or Freshwater Fishing?

Before you decide whether you should hit the ocean or a lake or river for your fishing trip, it is good and interesting to learn what the science says about the difference between saltwater and freshwater fishing. Freshwater fishing means the body of water has less than 0.05 percent of salinity. It also means that most of the fish species are different in salt and fresh water, except salmon. This fish is born in freshwater, spends a few years in saltwater, then returns to the freshwater to spawn.

Before you hit the lake, a pond or a river probably has daily limits, also known as “creel limits”, that limit the amount or the size of fish you can remove from the lake. Both of these options can be equally fun and interesting.

8. Tips On Freshwater Fishing

To get the most out of your freshwater fishing, there are some additional tips for this kind of fishing that can help you.

Map The Terrain

If you’re on a lake or a pond, it is good to have a topographical map with you. This way you’ll know the approximate depth of your position, and it could also lead you to some of the fish cribs made by other fishermen.

Bait Is Important

Fishing in freshwater is best with live bait. That includes worms, minnows, wax worms, soft shell. These are all great choices. The reason they work the best lays in the fish species. You could also use leeches, or frogs, anything lives. If you don’t have anything similar, artificial bait will serve its purpose, but the best options are spinners and crankbaits.

Follow The Water Temperature

When you head out to the freshwater fishing trip, one of the most important parts of equipment should be a thermometer. Most of the fish species have their own favorite temperature and weather conditions, but the most known rule is that the hotter outside, the deeper you’ll need to go fishing. Many fish species love colder waters, so if it is too hot they’ll move deeper where they’ll feel more comfortable. This also means that they’ll come into the shallow waters during dusk and dawn searching for food. The best thing to do is to research fish species that live where you’ll fish, so you’ll have a better chance to catch something just by knowing the temperature and the time of the day.

Keep Your Hands Clean


Freshwater fish have an amazing sense of smell and they could be disturbed or turned off if they feel something odd on your lure or your bait, so while you’re outside on the water, keep them clean and don’t use anything with a strong and unnatural smell, like perfume, deodorant, etc.

Other Stuff

Make a list and be sure you have a rod and reel, a tackle box, a net, needle and nose pliers, possibly even an ice chest. And, of course, polarized sunglasses that will help you see a bit better into the water, a hat to keep the sun rays off your head, and gloves, to keep your hands comfortable.

9. Stay Safe!

 Don’t forget – fishing means you’ll be out, on the water, and you may have some kind of (unwanted?) interaction with the wildlife. Before you go fishing at an unknown location, make sure you’ve gathered enough information about known wildlife creatures. This is especially important if you’re in a kayak, canoe, or a small boat in the middle of the lake or out in the ocean.

To avoid possible legal problems, always have your proper fishing license or stamps with you, or you could face serious charges.

If you plan on wading in a river, pond, or lake, use a wader belt, it will prevent water from getting into your waders. While on a boat, always have a life jacket on. Being on the water means you’ll be under the sun a lot, so to prevent possible dehydration drink lots of fluids – Avoid alcohol – and always have sunscreen on.

10. Lake Fishing Tips And Tricks

Lakes have their own specific rules and tips on how to be successful in lake fishing, so it is good to get familiar with them and to improve your chances of a good day on the water.

Find Inlets And Outlets

Fish have their favorite temperature, love to feel comfortable, so they will usually be located somewhere they feel good. One of the most common places fish love to hang out are places where water enters or exits the lake. It usually means the water is cooler, so much small fish will hang there, followed by the bigger ones who eat them.

Search For Sunken Stuff

Remember, fish love, to feel safe, so they’ll most likely be located somewhere where they can hide from possible predators, or hide when they hunt for the other species. Good places for them to hide are trees, branches, fish habitats made by man, or anything sunk, that offers the chance to hide in. Use that knowledge and explore the lake.

Wind Can Be Your Friend

When the breeze is strong outside, fish will probably be pushed towards the shore, so the big fish will come, too, as they’ll search for the food. You should take a look at the drift lines and follow them, as they’ll lead you to the baitfish, and the big fish will rather sooner than later follow.

Look For Weeds

 Big fish like northern pike or largemouth bass will usually watch their prey from the weed bet. If you spot a weed bed, don’t hesitate, throw your bait or lure that way in an attempt to force the fish to bite. If that place doesn’t work, search for the next one. If you spot some weed bets that lead to deeper water with the break line created, that is your perfect spot.

11. Cheap Is Better Choice

It may seem expensive, as you’ll need a fishing rod, lure, bait, etc., but you don’t need to spend much money on fishing gear. You can get all the needed equipment cheaply if you look hard enough, and as a beginner, the most important thing is to learn fishing techniques and how to behave, so to overcome mistakes easier and think about possible losses less, it is better to spend less money on equipment and focus on fishing without worries.

12. Don’t Overthink And Stick To Your Needs

Fishing is simple, so try to keep it that way. Keep your tackle size aligned with your needs and don’t expect too much! If you want to catch something extraordinary, you’ll need a bigger boat and the ocean. In a meantime, you’ll have to satisfy with 5-pounders.

13. Master Your Cast Movement Before You Sail Out

As a beginner, the first thing you’ll have to master is the art of casting. There are lots of tutorials online that will help you understand and maximize your casting technique. Try it out on dry land before you start your trip. Once you see how it works, you could try hitting the bucket or something like that, just to feel how it’s like when it hits the water.

14. Think Logically – The Fish Won’t Bite If The Bait Is Too Different

The purpose of the bait is to trick the fish to think it is their chance of an easy lunch. To achieve that, your bait, lure, or artificial bait should be as similar – if not the same – as something the fish love to eat. That’s why you should learn what kind of food different species prefer in their water. Live baits are by far the best choice, but you won’t make the mistake with the artificial one if it is the right one.

15. How To Cast (Well)

We’ve mentioned it twice before, but now will head to the ways to do it – how to cast properly? Having good rod and line is helpful, but to fully use their potential you’ll need to learn how to cast. When you start your cast learning sessions, learn how to double haul at the beginning. If you skip it, you’ll find yourself being held back, and in some cases, like if you run into the permit, tarpon, or bonefish flats, failing even before your hunt has begun.

If you have some experienced fisherman in your environment, ask them for advice. And practice! Even if you feel you’re not doing anything, stay focused, and practice your cast. Concentrate on every step, learn it well, and once you do it, the rest of the activities should be far less hard.

16. Choose And Use The Right Bait

 Do your homework. If there is a local fishing society or shop or a marina, ask for the types of fish you’ll probably run into. Remember, different fish species love to eat different things, so if you plan on going to a place where you can find multiple fish species, it is best to be prepared and know what they like. If you skip it, there is a possibility of staying “dry” for the whole day, which can ruin your trip.

17. Follow The Rules And Obey The Laws

If you’re heading out of your known place, let the learning laws, rules, and regulations are one of the first things you’ll do once you get to your location, if they are not available online. They could vary from state to state, so the thing which you can do at home may be prohibited where you’re going. Don’t risk getting into trouble. Ask around, inform yourself, and have fun on your trip instead of having to worry about possible punishments.

18. Clean After Yourself

Once you’re done and plan to leave, make sure you’ve taken everything with you – garbage included! Gum wrappers, bait containers, beer or soda cans and bottles, hook package, cigarette buts. Put it all in a bag and throw it where it should be thrown. This way you’ll show your respect to nature and the water inhabitants, but you’ll also allow others to come to that place and enjoy, show respect to the locals and their effort to keep the place in a good shape, and last, but not the least, you’ll prevent possible water contamination.

19. Get To Know The Place You’re Going To Fish

Yes, it is important having good gear, but the majority of your attention should be focused on the fish and the environment. If you study the river or a lake you’re visiting, you’ll easily find the best places for your fishing day, and which species to target in a specific place. This way you’ll maximize the chances to catch something, and then follow by bringing the best equipment that will meet your needs on the spot. This is something you should do every time you visit a new place, even when you become experienced and gather knowledge.

Once, when enough time passes by and you gain enough experience, you’ll learn how to “think like a fish”, and you’ll see your catch numbers increase rapidly. So don’t be lazy, do the homework.

20. Find The Right Knot For Your Line

Besides casting, another thing you should learn is how to tie a knot on your line. If you use a braided line, the best choice is a Palomar knot. On the other hand, if you have a fluorocarbon line, you should learn an improved clinched knot, as Palomar burns itself while cinching. And if you own monofilament, both of these will work.

21. Top Water Bite For A Good Day

If you’re in a ba fishing during the early morning, it is good to learn how to perform topwater bite. It is one of the most beautiful bites in fishing. First, set yourself with some of the best topwater baits, and set the hook down. This is something that will help you avoid possible misses that can occur if you start yanking the lure straight up the moment they see a fish crashing through the surface.

22. Trust The People

Before you hit the water, ask around what is biting the best and what kind of bait you should use. Don’t worry and trust the local people with this, as they could help you a lot if you let them, of course.

23. Don’t Rush It

One of the most common mistakes beginners make is forcing it. If you go too fast and try to move to another spot, you can ruin a great cast by retrieving lure too fast. Also, it is a better option to fully explore the spot you’ve already at than to switch from place to place just to change something. Don’t rush, take it slow, keep your eyes open and it will pay up.

24. You Can’t Be Wrong With Multi-Purpose Lure

Having a multi-purpose lure usually means it is durable more than others, and it also can catch all fish species and under all conditions. They produce the most natural swimming motions, so it is all up to your type of rigging and retrieving.

When fish start to bust the surface, cast it out, then let the rod tip break the surface of the water by holding it up. This way works the best over weed lines, treetops, sunk trees, etc. The lure dives following retrieval speed and the raising and lowering of the rod tip. Rip it off using quick, steady retrieves. Then slowly bounce it on the bottom. Jig it vertically into the deeper water. Most of the fish love it, so you’ll probably catch some largemouth, smallmouth, redfish, walleye. Strike quickly because the fish will hit the bait on the downfall.

25. Keep Calm And Your Tip And Head Up

Expect the unexpected, the saying goes. You can’t be sure and know how the fish will react, and you may make some mistakes that will let the fish go away. To prevent it from happening, remember – always stay cool, no matter what! Don’t force it, it is better to go easy and step by step than to rush it and lose it all.

On the other hand, if you do lose a big one because of your mistake, don’t let your head drop and lose motivation. Try your best to learn from it, and you’ll see that sometimes those that got away stay longer in your memory than those you manage to catch. It will make you think about your mistake and you’ll think about the possible things you could do differently.

26. Always Keep Your Sunglasses On

Spending time on the water is fun, but it could have serious consequences if you don’t take it seriously. First of all, the sun reflection could have a bad impact on your eyes if you don’t protect them, so make the sunglasses purchase one of your priorities. They will also serve as protection against possible accidents that involve hooks and eye injuries.

27. Choose The Rod Tip That Is Right For You

The time has come to choose the right fly rod, so how to find the right one for you? First of all, don’t take all the reviews for axiom, and remember that the rod that is best for someone else may not be the best choice for you. Buy the one that fits your style and gets the most out of your casting stroke. It is important for it to feel good, so you should first try it out. Once you find the right one, buy it, and you’ll be happy.

28. Think About Goals

You have your gear, you’re ready for your first fishing trip, but before you go – think about the goals and what you want to accomplish. Be careful, though, as if you may end up disappointed if you don’t meet it. Be patient, and try to have as much fun as possible. And learn during the process.

29. Don’t Overspend

Before you visit the fishing shop, find the gear that you can afford. In the beginning, you won’t need the newest and the best possible options. Get what you can, and once you figure everything out and learn the basics, you’ll get the better ones.

30. Learn The Basics And Try To Catch Something

Start at the beginning. If you don’t know something, feel free to ask, the more experienced fishermen will gladly help you. Don’t skip the steps and don’t discount small fish, rather try to learn from every single one. Each fish will help you improve and learn something.

31. Be Smart

Fish can pull off a big amount of tricks, so stay concentrated and try to think ahead. Also, pay attention to the weather, to the tides if you fish in the ocean. With time, you’ll learn how to think like the fish and how to make the most out of the situation, even if it is not optimal.

Globo Surf Overview

Fishing is a game of patience, but it is also a type of sport everyone could try. This article will provide you enough information to start your fishing adventure, so if you follow it, you’ll be ready for your fishing trip and be able to tell interesting fishing stories to your friends by the seaside when you get back to the shore.

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Globo Surf
My name is David Hamburg. I am an avid water sports fan who enjoys paddle boarding, surfing, scuba diving, and kite surfing. Anything with a board or chance I can get in the water I love! I am such a big fan I decided to start this website to review all my favorite products and some others. Hope you enjoy!