Fish Spawn And Eating


There is something known as “the circle of life”. It means you’re being born, you eat, you mate, you reproduce and you eventually die, this way finishing one cycle. And it is not just a human thing, all living creatures are part of it. Including fish. They eat and they reproduce, and learning this can be really useful if you plan on breeding them, just starting your fisherman career, or simply curious about this topic.

This article will help you learn some of the fish spawning patterns, and also a tip or two about their eating habits.

When And How Do Fish Spawn?

This is strictly connected to the species. Every fish type has its own rules and unique ways of reproducing, so it will take some time to learn it all, but once you catch on how it works, it should be easy.


This fish species spawn between March and April. The water this time of year is between 43 and 48 degrees, making it perfect for walleye. If you visit rocky stretches during this period on some lake, or ocean, you’ll probably see this, if you find a place with a moderate or heavy current.  Another interesting and unique thing about walleye is their broadcasting technique, with basically no parental care or any kind of protection. Males come first, followed by females who broadcast their eggs.

Northern Pikes

Their ability to spine under the ice is pretty amazing and admirable. The best time for them is late February to the end of March. The perfect temperature is from 38 to 48 degrees, around cattails, marshes, and rushes.

When the spawning process of the northern pikes starts, males come in shallow waters in larger groups while there’s still ice. Then they will chase after female northern pikes while they slap them with their tails. Once the males run into females, they remove milt and fertilize the eggs released by females. Also, newborn northern pikes develop on their own, without the help of their parents.

Largemouth Bass

This fish differs from walleyes and northern spikes, as they spawn later. The perfect temperature is between 64 and 70 degrees, which means the best time for their spawning is sometime between April and May.

Like northern pikes, they also love shallow waters but look for a harder ground – whether sand or gravel.

Males come in groups, creating wide nests on the lower sediments. Also, they love to cover using dock piling, rock, or laydown. Then, when females come, they’ll get into the nests and rest there until they finish, making it an amazing but relatively easy thing to see, if you know what to look for.

Smallmouth Bass

Same as their larger relative, the smallmouths like to come in later than others. When the water reaches from 60 – 64 degrees in the shallow end, and there are rocks, gravel, or shelves around, it is their time to shine.

Male representatives of the species gather in groups in the shallow water of the river, where they make nests, covering them with rocks or leaves. But unlike their bigger relative, the smallmouth bass stays with the eggs and guards them until they hatch. Females come to the nests they’re attracted to and lay their eggs there.


Bluegills are one of those fish who spawn really late, and they like their water really warm. Once the temperature reaches from 66 to 80 degrees, which means somewhere from June to the end of August, they’ll start their spawning session.

Males, much like other species, form groups in shallow waters, mainly around hard and flat areas, where they create nests similar to a bed, and use them to charm the females. Also, male bluegill protects the layers from predators and for the trapped females.

The bluegill males also gather around shallow, hard, flat areas and create bed like nests which are used to attract females. These males also protect the layers from predators for the trapped females. Once the eggs have been a layer, the bluegills scatter and leave the nests well covered for development.

The Perch

Unlike all the other fish species we’ve mentioned above, the perch loves to use a bit deeper water for the spawning process. Not shallow, but also not too deep – four to eight feet deep. They love their spawning grounds covered with water vegetation, so any place with brushes or some other water plants with wide leaves will do.

Their spawning period starts from April and lasts until the end of May, while the water temperature is from 26 up to 54 degrees. Also, they differ from the others because when the spawning starts, the females take the first step by placing eggs on the deep end. Once they finish, males follow and spread milt over the eggs.


When it comes to crappies, their spawning technique is really interesting. It starts in the middle of May and lasts until June, while the water temperature is from 34 to 60 degrees. It starts with the male crappie seeking shelter among the logs, brushes, debris, or anything similar, that can be used for a good hideout spot and is located in shallow ends. He will then create a nest shaped like a bowl, making it as attractive as possible. Once the female is attracted to it, she comes to the nest and lays eggs in it. Then, once the female is done laying eggs, the males come and fertilize the eggs. But, unlike other species, with crappies females leave the nest immediately after laying eggs, and males stay beside it for a while, taking care of them. Once they make sure the eggs are safe, they also leave.

How Do Fish Eat While Spawning


During the spawning period, their eating habits change. Unlike other times of the year, while the spawning lasts they’ll eat food that is near the area of spawning. This is one of the main reasons why most of the fish species love to spawn in shallow waters, as there is more food available than in deeper ends. Also, shallow ends most of the time are calm, warm and the waves are not so strong.

This also makes them easy to catch, as most of the – walleyes, crappies, bluegills, perch, for example – like to eat small plastics. That is why most of the fishermen love the spawning period because it means lots of easy catch.

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Fishing is a fun activity, but it requires more than a steady hand and a calm temper. It is good to learn some behavioral templates of the fish you’re planning to catch as it will help you prepare better, and also improve your chances of catching something good more than usual.

And if you’re new to fishing or looking for information on spawning rules of different fish species, this article will be useful. So, next time you plan on taking a fishing trip, make sure you’re ready by doing your homework – learn their behavior, what to expect, and how to make the first step. Then, call your friends, take the thermometer with you and once you get there, take it out and use it. If the temperature of the water is the right one, feel free to smile. Put your sunglasses on, In no-time, everybody will talk about your amazing fishing skills.

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My name is David Hamburg. I am an avid water sports fan who enjoys paddle boarding, surfing, scuba diving, and kite surfing. Anything with a board or chance I can get in the water I love! I am such a big fan I decided to start this website to review all my favorite products and some others. Hope you enjoy!